After the operation
Cats usually recover quickly after the operation and are often back to normal the next day. Be sure to follow your vet’s instructions about after-care. For example, usually it is recommended that cats are kept indoors (possibly for a few days), kept quiet and prevented from jumping if possible. Female cats should also be prevented from pulling at their stitches (this applies to females only as castration doesn’t require stitches). Your vet will discuss how the incision should be cared for, including whether the stitches will need to be removed or will dissolve naturally.
Female cats – health after neutering
A female cat neutered (spayed) before the age of 12 months has a lower risk of mammary (breast) cancer than an unspayed cat, or a cat spayed when older. Spaying also means there is no risk of womb (uterine) infections or womb and ovarian cancer where these organs are removed. As a result of spaying, female cats could become more gentle and home-loving.
Male cats – health after neutering
Neutering (castrating) male cats eliminates the risk of cancers which can affect the testicles. It also has other benefits; having your male cat neutered can reduce his roaming instinct and the likelihood of injury due to fighting. He also may be less inclined to mark his territory with strong smelling urine and he may become more affectionate.
All cats – health after neutering
Sometimes owners worry that neutering or spaying will result in weight gain for their pet. If an increase in weight does occur this might be because your cat’s activity levels may have declined – possibly due to a decreased desire to roam. Also after neutering, your cat might be more likely to develop urinary tract problems. If you have any concerns regarding urinary tract problems or notice any changes in your cat’s urinary habits, it is advisable that you consult your vet.
When discussing neutering with your vet, you can ask about potential weight gain. If your cat begins to gain weight after the operation, consult your vet, as they may recommend that you modify your cat’s diet, reduce the amount of treats, and/or increase activity levels. Depending on your cat’s body condition you may want to reduce the risk of weight gain by feeding a diet designed for neutered cats. Some brands of cat food offer special ‘neutered’ formulations created specifically with the needs of neutered cats in mind. To ensure you are feeding your cat the correct amount of any food, always check the feeding guidelines and remember, it can help if you weigh or measure the portions first. Also, make sure that your cat always has access to a bowl of fresh water.