English Toy Terriers are small, smooth-coated black and tan dogs with pointed, erect ears. They are slightly longer than they are tall. Ideally, the adult English Toy Terrier measures 25-30cm and weighs around 2.7-3.6kg.
The English Toy Terrier dog breed was known as the Miniature Black & Tan Terrier up to the 1960s, and can be traced back to the black and tan terriers recorded in the 16th century. In England during the 1800s these terriers were very much in demand as ratters due to the increasing rat population brought about by the advancement of the industrial revolution. They were carried by gentlemen in their pockets on hunts and sent to ground as necessary to flush out foxes and so on. Contests between terriers and betting on how long it would take the dogs to kill a number of rats became popular. As the English Toy Terrier became ever more popular, and people wanted smaller dogs, a lot of interbreeding took place with the smallest of the litters being used for breeding.
This little dog does possess a trace of the terrier temperament. On the whole they are affectionate, friendly and totally devoted to their family. They will quite happily live in either the town or country and get on well with older children. They should be socialised with other dogs, cats and children from an early age.
The English Toy Terrier is generally a very healthy breed. Like many small breeds, they can suffer from kneecaps that may temporarily slip out of place (luxating patellas).
The English Toy Terrier breed does not require a lot of exercise – about half an hour daily is needed for an adult. However, they do enjoy longer walks and, although they may appear dainty and frail, they can walk for many miles. They also enjoy terrier-type games!
Toy dogs have a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion.
This dog has a short, dense coat that requires little attention; a grooming mitt and a polishing cloth are all that is really needed.