The Miniature Pinscher is an elegant Toy dog that has quite a sturdy construction. Adult dogs stand at 25-30cm and weigh approximately 4-6kg. He has a short, smooth coat that is straight and lustrous and comes in black, blue, and chocolate with tan markings, or red.
The smallest of the three Pinscher breeds (the other two being the Dobermann, the largest, and the medium-sized German Pinscher), the Miniature Pinscher dog (or 'Min Pin') was used as a ratter and descends from the smooth-haired German Pinscher; the Dobermann is not related to the two other Pinscher breeds. The Miniature Pinscher dog breed has a fairly recent history, compared to some breeds, emerging around 100 years ago.
If you want a docile lap dog, this is not the breed for you! He might be categorised as a Toy breed, but the Miniature Pinscher has many terrier qualities. Indeed, 'Pinscher' means 'Terrier' in German. This is a bold, fearless dog who is busy and inquisitive. Ever alert, he will bark if anything unusual attracts his attention, and so usually makes a good watchdog for the house.
Like many small breeds, they can suffer from kneecaps that may temporarily slip out of place (luxating patellas).
The Miniature Pinscher only needs about half an hour's exercise a day, though he is capable of more if you can offer it. In cold weather, he may need a coat for extra protection.
Toy dogs have a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion.
The Mini Pinscher's short, smooth hair is quite hard in texture and very low maintenance, requiring little more than a brush through once a fortnight. When he sheds, more frequent grooming will help to contain the dead hair.