Multum in parvo' is this breed's motto, meaning he's 'a lot in a little'. The Pug is a toy dog, standing at around 25-33cm when fully grown, but he is square, cobby, muscular and surprisingly heavy at around 6.3-8.1kg. The short, soft, glossy coat comes in silver, apricot, fawn or black.
- Category size: Toy
- Grooming requirements: Once a week
- Shedding: Moderate
- Allergies: No
- Noise: Usually quiet
- Dog Group Kennel Club: Toy
- Alone: Less than 1 hour
- Other pets: High
- Stability as a guard: Low
A breed with a long, distinguished history, the Pug dog breed is thought to have come from China, before accompanying traders to Europe, where he developed in the Netherlands prior to the 16th century. The Pug dog breed became inextricably linked with Dutch royalty and the House of Orange and when, following the Glorious Revolution of 1689, William III became king of England, the Pug accompanied him, where he became popular with the nobility.
This charming, good-tempered toy dog is a happy, sociable companion. These little dogs have big personalities, and the Pug beloved of old and young alike. He can be calm and quiet but he can also have his mischievous, clownish moments. A super companion if you can offer him the time he needs – he does not like to be separated from his loved ones for too long.
The most common health problems relate to the Pug's flat face, which results in obstruction of their airways and a difficulty in breathing. Over-exercising and over-heating is therefore to be avoided. They are also prone to eye problems and like many small breeds, they can suffer from kneecaps that may temporarily slip out of place (luxating patellas).
The Pug needs only about half an hour's exercise a day, but he will happily potter around with you all day, and accompany you on errands. Never exercise him in hot weather or keep him in the car when it is even slightly warm, as he can suffer breathing difficulties.
Toy dogs have a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion.
The Pug's coat is low maintenance, requiring a quick brush once a week. However, the wrinkle over the dog's nose will need to be cleaned daily, and the ears and eyes will also need to be checked every day.