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Siamese

Siamese

Long and lithe, words like elegant and graceful were invented for the Siamese cat. This is a striking breed, recognisable as the Siamese cat even by those who know nothing about cats or even dislike cats. The Siamese is built on long athletic lines, standing tall on slender legs with neat oval paws. Ears are large, pricked and give an intelligent expression, following the lines of the triangular shaped head. Eyes are almond shape and slant inwards towards the nose, and the tail is long, tapering and straight. The coat is short and fine, lying close against the body and has a pale body colour, with darker shaded ‘points’, i.e., the face, ears, legs and tail.  

The need-to-know
  • Benefits from an experienced owner
  • Needs high-level of enrichment including simulated hunting games and interactive play
  • Highly active and inquisitive cat
  • Sociable and dependent cat
  • Very talkative cat
  • Lean and elegant cat
  • Requires grooming once a week
  • Needs extensive outdoor space
  • Not ideal for family homes
  • Can be regularly left for a few hours
  • Needs a calm environment

Key Facts

Lifespan: 8 - 15 years
Weight:  5 - 6.5kg
Colours:  Siamese cats come in a wide range of colours, all featuring a pale body and shaded points. The eye colour on all coat colours is a bright, intense blue.

Ratings

Family-friendly: 2/5
Playfulness: 4/5
Intelligence: 5/5
Tendency to Vocalise:  5/5
Likes Other Pets: 4/5
Grooming needs: 2/5
Shedding: 2/5
Siamese cat is lying in a wicker basket

Personality

Incredibly intelligent, affectionate and opinionated, they are considered the extroverts of the feline world. Inclined to bond strongly to one person, and often very vocal with a loud, low-pitched voice (known as a ‘meezer’), the Siamese is very much a ‘Marmite’ type of cat, appealing to a very specific sort of person! 

Due to their rather dependent nature and attachment to their person, Siamese often suffer from separation anxiety and may be better in pairs, or better still, in homes where someone is around most of the time. 
 

Siamese cat is lying on a blanket

History and Origins

Country of Origin: Thailand

One of the first distinctly recognised breeds of Asian cat, the Siamese originates from Thailand, then called Siam, and in the 19th Century, was one of the most popular breeds across both Europe and North America. In 1884 the British Consul-General in Bangkok brought a pair of cats, Pho and Mia, back to Britain as a gift for his sister Lilian Gould, who went on to co-found the Siamese Cat Club in 1901. 

Recognised for their distinctive markings, the term Siamese is now used to refer to a variety of cats of the same colour pattern. The Siamese cat is known as the ‘pointed pattern’ and is caused by a mutation in the enzyme involved in melanin production. The mutated enzyme is heat-sensitive - in that it doesn’t work at normal body temperatures but becomes active at the lower temperatures on the extremities of the body. This means the fur on those cooler areas is much darker than the fur on the warmer parts. Siamese kittens are born pure white or cream and as the fur grows and is affected by the enzyme, the coloured points develop. 

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