NPPE Breed Library Info Page

Mexican Hairless Dog

mexican hairless (medium)

A hairless dog, with soft skin, the Xolo dog is slightly longer than he is tall. The skin can be pigmented black, grey, red, liver, bronze and blonde. There are three sizes. Fully grown Miniature Mexican Hairless are 25-35cm in height, Intermediate 36-45cm, and Standard 46-60cm.

mexican hairless (medium)
  • Category size: Medium
  • Grooming requirements:Less than once a week
mexican hairless (medium)
  • Shedding: None
  • Allergies: No
  • Noise: Usually quiet
  • Dog Group Kennel Club: Utility
mexican hairless (medium)
  • Alone: Less than 1 hour
  • Other pets: Medium
  • Stability as a guard: Medium

Origin

An ancient breed, the Mexican Hairless dog (or 'Xolo') has been the hunting companion of people in Central and South America for around 3,000 years. Revered by the Aztecs, he is also known as Xoloitzcuintle, meaning Dog God, he was thought to have special powers of healing, transmitted through him from the gods. He was also used as a gift to the gods and was sacrificed and eaten. He comes in three sizes – Miniature, Intermediate and Standard.

Personality

A peaceful, contented dog, the Mexican Hairless dog is alert to his environment. Rather reserved with strangers, he is loving and companionable with his family.

Health

Miniature Mexican Hairless dogs need about half an hour's daily exercise and the Intermediate and Standard need about an hour. Do ensure he is protected from the elements (both the warm and cold) before taking him outside.

Nutrition

The Miniature Mexican Hairless dog is a small dog that has a fast metabolism, meaning they burn energy at a high rate, although their small stomachs mean that they must eat little and often. Small-breed foods are specifically designed with appropriate levels of key nutrients and smaller kibble sizes to suit smaller mouths. This also encourages chewing and improves digestion. The Intermediate and Standard diets need to have the right balance of all the main nutrient groups including a constant supply of fresh water. It's also important to conduct regular body condition scores to ensure you keep your dog in ideal shape and remember to feed him at least twice daily and in accordance with the feeding guidelines of his particular food.

Grooming

Small tufts of hair can appear on the Mexican Hairless dog, but he is generally hairless and no hair-care is therefore required. However, the skin can become dry, as it is not protected with a coat. Smoothing some baby oil on will help hydrate the skin. A suitable sun cream can be used to prevent the skin from burning, and the dogs should be kept out of direct sunlight in warm weather. The dogs also need protection against the cold and should wear a coat when walked in the winter months.

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What to Consider next

Adoption

It is incredibly fulfilling to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or rescue organization. It often means offering them a second chance in life. There are many dogs waiting for a loving family, a forever home. Reputable centers will be very careful about matching the right people with the right dogs. Staff learns all they can about the dogs they take in, and will spend time getting to know you, your family and your lifestyle, before they match you with any of their dogs. They’ll also be happy to give you advice and answer any questions you might have before and after the adoption.

Finding a good breeder

If your heart is set on a pedigree puppy, then your best bet is to find a reputable breeder. Contact The Kennel Club or a breed-club secretary who may have a list of litters available, or should be able to put you in contact with breeders in your area. Try to choose a breeder who is part of the Kennel Club’s assured breeder scheme.Visit dog shows to meet breeders in person and inquire about availability of pups of your chosen breed.

Welcoming your dog home

Whether you’re bringing home a tiny puppy or rehoming an adult dog, this is a hugely exciting time for everyone. While you’re waiting for the big day you might need to distract yourself, so luckily there are a few things you need to sort out before you welcome your new arrival. Click here for more information