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Chihuahua (Long Coat)

Chihuahua (Long Coat)

The Toy-sized long-haired Chihuahua has a flat or slightly wavy coat that comes in a variety of colours from fawn to black. The ears should be dripping with fringe, a substantial ruff encircles the neck, and the legs should be well feathered. 

The need-to-know
  • Dog suitable for owners with some experience
  • Basic training required
  • Need to be aware of potential health issues
  • Enjoys active walks
  • Needs under an hour of walking a day
  • Small dog
  • Minimum drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Chatty and vocal dog
  • Barks, alerts and may be physically protective/suspicious of visitors
  • Could have issues with unknown dogs but gets along with known dogs
  • May need additional training to live with other pets
  • May need additional supervision to live with children
  • Needs a small garden
  • Can happily live in the city
  • Can be left occasionally with training
This breed may encounter health problems

As with many small breeds, the Chihuahua can suffer from:
- Patellar luxation
- Legg-Perthes disease
- Tracheal collapse
- Hydrocephalus which is a condition where fluid builds up around the brain and can cause damage.
- Patent ductus arteriosus which is where dogs are built with an extra vessel which can cause problem.
- Mitral valve disease which is where the heart valves become diseased and don't work properly.
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye) which is a painful condition where the tear gland stops working properly. 
- Dental problems including decay and tooth loss.

Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing: 
None but there are several recommended schemes that the Kennel Club recommends which can be found here

Key Facts

Lifespan: 10–18 years
Weight: 1.8–2.7kg
Height: 15–23cm
Colours: The Chihuahua has two coat types: short-haired and long-haired and comes in a variety of colours including solid colours such as: black; white; fawn; chocolate; grey or silver and tricolours such as: chocolate, black or blue with tan and white. They may also be spotted; brindle; merle as well as other markings
Size: Small
Kennel Club Group: Toy

Ratings

Family-friendly: 5/5
Exercise needs: 1/5
Easy to train: 4/5
Tolerates being alone: 1/5
Likes other pets: 2/5
Energy level: 3/5
Grooming needs: 2/5
Shedding: 2/5
Long Coated Chihuahua sitting

Personality

The Chihuahua tends to bond closely with one or two people, with whom they will be curious, lively and intelligent, as well as deeply and constantly affectionate. However, without adequate socialisation, the breed will not take kindly to strangers and can appear nervous, yappy and even snappy. Chihuahuas must be socialised as early as possible or they will become anxious in new environments and will not get along with strangers, children and other household pets.

The Chihuahua will suit an owner who may have little space in their homes but still want a lively, affectionate companion who will be able to come everywhere with them as this is not a dog who is easily able to tolerate owner absences.

Brown Long Coated Chihuahua watching

History and Origins

A small dog, called a Techichi, was an important part of Toltec and Aztec cultures. Techichi were the pets of the wealthy and were cremated with the dead in order to take on the deceased's sins so that the person could enter the next world without angering the gods. The dogs were also supposed to guide the deceased through the underworld and fight off evil spirits. Some believe that the Chihuahua is the product of breeding between the Techichi and a small, hairless dog from Asia.

The Chihuahua is a state in Mexico and it’s from this state that the modern Chihuahua dog breed was first exported to America. Theory has it that the modern breed developed from the ancient strains of the Techichi, mixed with small dogs of Mexico, Arizona and Texas.

Did you know?

Did you know?

  • The Chihuahua is famous for being the smallest dog in the world.
  • Their popularity has soared recently as the preferred and pampered pet of celebrities and this has led to irresponsible breeding.
  • Chihuahua’s shiver a lot but that doesn’t always mean they’re cold, they also do it when they’re excited or scared too!
  • The current smallest dog living is a Chihuahua called Milly, standing at just 9.65cm tall!
  • In terms of brain size in comparison to body, the Chihuahua has the biggest brain of all dog breeds.

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