The most common health problem seen in the Dachshund is related to their body shape - with their long backs and short legs they are more prone to spinal disorders and joint problems;
- Intervertebral disc disease: a condition where there is abnormality in the discs which act to cushion the bones in the spine. The discs can dislodge or burst, which puts pressure on the nerves in the spinal cord leading to back pain and weakness or paralysis of the limbs.
- Angular limb deformities: caused by asynchronous growth of a pair of bones, which appear bowed or rotated and may result in pain and lameness.
Smooth Haired Daschunds are also prone to:
- Mitral Valve Disease¹ which is where the heart valves become diseased and don't work properly
- Cushing's syndrome² which is where too much natural steroid hormone (called cortisol) is produced, leading to symptoms such as excessive drinking and tiredness
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye) which is a painful condition where the tear gland stops working properly.
Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing:
- IVDD Scheme for Dachshunds
¹L. H. Olsen et al, 'Epidemiology and Inheritance of Mitral Valve Prolapse in Dachshunds', 1999, Journal of Internal Veterinary Medicine
²G. Carotenuto et al, 'Cushing’s syndrome—an epidemiological study based on a canine population of 21,281 dogs', 2019, Open Veterinary Journal