- Dog suitable for owners with some experience
- Extra training required
- Generally healthy breed
- Enjoys active walks
- Enjoys one to two hours of walking a day
- Medium dog
- Minimum drool
- Requires grooming every other day
- Chatty and vocal dog
- Barks and alerts to visitors/anything unusual
- Could have issues with unknown dogs but gets along with known dogs
- May need additional training to live with other pets
- May need additional supervision to live with children
- Needs a small garden
- Can happily live in the city
- Can be left occasionally with training
|Colours:||Solid black, grey, red, liver, bronze or blonde,
with or without spots of any colour including white markings
|Sizes & Heights:||The three sizes are Miniature: 25-35cm; Intermediate: 36-45cm; and Standard; 46-60cm|
|UK Kennel Club Groups:||Utility|
|Easy to train:||3/5|
|Tolerates being alone:||2/5|
|Likes other pets:||2/5|
Shy and reserved with strangers, the Mexican Hairless Dog is in fact an intelligent, loving companion with family. Described as peaceful and contented, they are alert to their environment and will bark to alert their owners to the presence of strangers or unusual activity. As may be expected, they are warm and cuddly and will appreciate a warm jumper or coat in cooler weather, and can be found burrowed under blankets or your duvet when temperatures drop.
History and Origins
Country of Origin: Mexico
Thought to be an ancient breed, the Mexican Hairless or Xolo has been associated with the peoples of Central and South America for around 3000 years. Revered by the Aztecs, the name Xoloitzcuintle (say ‘sholo-eats-QUEENT-ly’) means ‘dog god’ (or ‘dog of the god Xolotl’ who was the god of deformed things, and a hairless dog seemed to fulfil that description). They were thought to have special powers of healing transmitted to them from the gods. They were also used as a gift to the gods and were sacrificed and eaten.
Fortunately their unusual appearance and calm, dignified personality meant sufficient of the breed survived to leave Mexico when dog showing became a popular hobby. First shown as early as 1883, the breed was recognised by the American Kennel Club but was so rare they were removed from the register of recognised breeds in 1959. They rose again in popularity in the 1980s but are still not fully recognised by the Kennel Club, though are now on the import register so should soon reach full recognition in the UK.
Did You Know?
- They were not specially bred to be hairless and the gene that causes hairlessness is a spontaneous mutation. There will normally be a mix of both haired and hairless puppies in each litter. The gene that produces hairless puppies also affects dentition, with hairless puppies prone to missing teeth.
- Often thought to be hypoallergenic and so good for those with allergies, this is in fact only true if the allergy is to the hair. If the allergy is related to saliva or dander, then the Xolo is no more hypoallergenic than any other dog!