Weimaraner (Short/smooth coat)
With their silver-grey, sleek, short coat, the Weimaraner dog is one of the most outstanding breeds. The tallest of the gundog group, they are graceful with speed, stamina and endurance. There are two varieties: the short-haired and the long-haired, the latter being less common
  • Dog suitable for experienced owners
  • Some training required
  • Enjoys vigorous walks
  • Enjoys walking one to two hours a day
  • Large dog
  • Minimum drool
  • Requires grooming once a week
  • Non Hypoallergenic breed
  • Quiet dog
  • Guard dog. Barks, alerts and it's physically protective
  • May require training to live with other pets
  • May require training to live with kids

Weimaraner Key Facts

Life Span: 11-14 years

Weight: Adult males 27kg. Females 22.5kg.

Height: Adult males stand at 61-69cm, while females are 56-64cm.

Colours: Predominant colouration is silver grey with shades of mouse or roe-grey being seen.

Size: Large

Kennel Club group: Gundog


Family-friendly: 5/5

Exercise needs: 5/5

Easy to train: 4/5

Tolerates being alone: 1/5

Likes other pets: 3/5

Energy level: 5/5

Grooming needs: 4/5

Shedding: 4/5

History and Origins

Country of Origin - Germany

Known as the Grey Ghost, the Weimaraner’s origins spring form the court of the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar sometime around 1810. His aim was to breed a perfect hunting dog and so crossed German Pointers, French Hounds and Bloodhounds to produce a dog that would be as happy hunting bears as they would be birds. He also wanted a head-turning dog that would be a status symbol for the nobility.

The breed was closely guarded in Germany, until just before the outbreak of the second world war, when a breeder managed to acquire a male and two females and take them to the US. In 1943, the AKC recognised the breed but it wasn’t until the 1950s that they made their way to the UK.


Weimaraners are all-round dogs who love family life. They are friendly and energetic but, with their vigilance, make excellent guard dogs. They are very strong characters so are not the ideal first dog for a novice owner, but if you have experience and can socialise, train and exercise them, they make a very rewarding companion.

Ideal Owner

Weimaraners would suit an active rural owner who enjoys a lot of exercise and will spend time training and socialising their dog to bring out the best in them.

Health and Common Issues

As with many breeds, the Weimeraner dog breed can suffer from hip dysplasia (a condition that can lead to mobility problems) and hip scoring of dogs prior to breeding is therefore important. As with many large breeds they are also more prone to some bone conditions, heart disease and a specific stomach condition (gastric dilation volvulus).

Exercise Needs

Weimaraner is an energetic, highly active dog that needs plenty of dog exercise to keep him healthy and happy. Without it, he can become destructive, boisterous, or an escape artist!

Many enjoy swimming, and love to retrieve and both these activities keep their active minds occupied. An adult Weimaraner needs two-plus hours of regular daily exercise along with ongoing training.

Space Requirements

This is a large dog who needs a good-sized, well-fenced garden and a country location to ensure he gets all the exercise he needs.

Nutrition and Feeding

Large breed dogs, as well as having large appetites, benefit from a different balance of nutrients including minerals and vitamins compared to smaller-breed dogs. Weimaraners are prone to bloating and stomach problems; smaller, more frequent meals can help minimise this risk.

Grooming Weimaraners

The short-haired Weimaraner dog is one of the easiest breeds to keep clean with very little grooming required. Even when he has been through the muddiest of fields, the dirt seems to fall off him very easily, leaving you with nothing to do but 'polish' up his coat! The more unusual longer-haired variety, with a coat of 2.5-5cm in length and feathering, does, however require more attention. They should be brushed and combed regularly. A check should be made on their ears routinely to ensure they are free from infections.

Training Weimaraners

The Weimaraner can be a challenge to train as he is often stubborn and strong willed, and he needs an experienced owner to get the best out of him. Once convinced to work, the Weimaraner loves to be challenged by training – and for many, agility is an ideal answer. Early and ongoing socialisation is important with this breed.

Did You Know?

The Weimaraner got its name from the Grand Duke Karl August of Weimar, whose court enjoyed hunting and is credited for founding the breed.

Often known as the Silver Ghost, the Weimaraner has, in his past, been used for a variety of hunting tasks and became an all-around gundog, although he was originally bred as a pointer. It is said that when hunting, this dog’s instinctive hunting method is to attack the prey’s genitals to bring it down. Interestingly the same instinct is seen in hyenas.

The Weimeraner has found fame thanks to American photographer William Wegman, who features the breed extensively in his (sometimes rather bizarre) pictures of his dogs often dressed in human’s clothes.

Best Family Dog Breeds

The Weimeraner is a friendly dog but often too bouncy and active to live with young children. In a family with older, quitter children, he can make a great family dog.

While many dogs are traditionally thought of as being good with children, all dogs and children need to be taught to get on with and respect each other, and be safe together. Even so, dogs and young children should never be left alone together and adults should supervise all interactions between them.

Similar Breeds:


Golden Retriever

Hungarian Vizsla


Is this the right breed for you?

All dogs have their own, unique personality, but there are some instincts and behaviours hat they’re born with. Try our Dog Breed Selector and find out which dog breeds better match your preferences and lifestyle.

Thinking about getting a puppy?

Join Growing Pup for help from our Purina experts on how to find the right puppy & prepare for your new arrival. And when you find your new pup, tell us a bit more about them to get a discount off one of our puppy ranges and regular personalised puppy advice.

Join Growing pup

What to consider next


It is incredibly fulfilling to adopt a dog from an animal shelter or rescue organization. It often means offering them a second chance in life. There are many dogs waiting for a loving family, a forever home. Reputable centers will be very careful about matching the right people with the right dogs. Staff learns all they can about the dogs they take in, and will spend time getting to know you, your family and your lifestyle, before they match you with any of their dogs. They’ll also be happy to give you advice and answer any questions you might have before and after the adoption. Click here for more information.

Finding a good breeder

If your heart is set on a pedigree puppy, then your best bet is to find a reputable breeder. Contact The Kennel Club or a breed-club secretary who may have a list of litters available, or should be able to put you in contact with breeders in your area. Try to choose a breeder who is part of the Kennel Club’s assured breeder scheme.Visit dog shows to meet breeders in person and inquire about availability of pups of your chosen breed. Click here for more information.

Welcoming your dog home

Whether you’re bringing home a tiny puppy or rehoming an adult dog, this is a hugely exciting time for everyone. While you’re waiting for the big day you might need to distract yourself, so luckily there are a few things you need to sort out before you welcome your new arrival. Click here for more information.