The Bengal cat breed is generally robust, however they can be prone to:
- Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy¹ which is a disease where the heart muscle becomes abnormally thick which means the heart cannot beat effectively.
- Progressive retinal atrophy which is an inherited disorder where part of the eye degenerates and wastes away which can result in blindness.
- Feline infectious peritonitis² which is an abnormal immune response to a viral infection.
- Flat chested kitten syndrome which is a condition where the chest does not develop properly which can result in breathing difficulties.
- Patellar luxation³ which is where the knee-caps slip temporarlily or permanently out of place.
- Hip dysplasia³ which is where the hip joint does not develop normally.
- Pyruvate kinase deficiency which is a disease that causes anaemia (death of red blood cells).
- Peripheral neuropathy³ which is a disease affecting the nervous system.
- DNA testing for pyruvate kinase deficiency and progressive retinal atrophy which tests whether or not a cat has the potential to be affected by these conditions.
¹M. Longeri et al, 'Myosin-Binding Protein C DNA Variants in Domestic Cats (A31P, A74T, R820W) and their Association with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy', 2013, Journal of Internal Veterinary Medicine
²L. D. Pesteanu-Somogyi, 'Prevalence of feline infectious peritonitis in specific cat breeds', Feb 2006, Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
³A. M. Martinez-Caja et al, 'Behavior and health issues in Bengal cats as perceived by their owners: A descriptive study', 2021, Journal of Veterinary Behavior