The most common health problem seen in the Dachshund is related to their body shape - with their long backs and short legs they are more prone to spinal disorders and joint problems;
- Intervertebral disc disease: a condition where there is abnormality in the discs which act to cushion the bones in the spine. The discs can dislodge or burst, which puts pressure on the nerves in the spinal cord leading to back pain and weakness or paralysis of the limbs.
- Angular limb deformities: caused by asynchronous growth of a pair of bones, which appear bowed or rotated and may result in pain and lameness.
Miniature Wire Haired Dachshunds are also prone to:
- Cushing's syndrome¹, which is where too much natural steroid hormone (called cortisol) is produced, leading to symptoms such as excessive drinking and tiredness.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy which is an inherited disorder where part of the eye degenerates and wastes away which can result in blindness.
- Lafora's epilepsy which is an inherited condition where carbohydrates cannot be broken down resulting in toxin build up and nervous signs.
Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing:
- DNA testing for progressive retinal atrophy which tests whether or not a dog has the potential to be affected by this condition.
- DNA testing for Lafora's which is a type of inherited epilepsy.
- IVDD Scheme for Dachshunds
¹G. Carotenuto et al, 'Cushing’s syndrome—an epidemiological study based on a canine population of 21,281 dogs', 2019, Open Veterinary Journal