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The Newfoundland dog is best described as being a gentle giant. They are large and heavy in both bone and coat. As puppies they look like a cuddly teddy bear but this stage does not last long as they grow very quickly. 

8 - 10 years
50 - 69kg
66 – 71cm
Black, brown or white and black.
UK Kennel Club Groups
The need-to-know
  • Dogs suitable for experienced owners
  • Extra training required
  • Need to be aware of potential health issues
  • Enjoys vigorous walks
  • Enjoys more than two hours of walking a day
  • Giant dog
  • Some drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Quiet dog
  • Barks and alerts to visitors/anything unusual
  • Could have issues with unknown dogs but gets along with known dogs
  • May need additional training to live with other pets
  • May need additional supervision to live with children
  • Needs a large garden
  • Can live in semi-rural areas
  • Can be left occasionally with training
This breed may encounter health problems

The Newfoundland breed can suffer from:
- Hip dysplasia
- Elbow dysplasia 
- Gastric dilatation volvulus 
- Panosteitis 
- Cystinuria which is where a substance called cystine builds up in the urinary tract and can lead to the formation of bladder stones. 
- Osteosarcomas which are a serious type of bone cancer.
- Entropion and/or ectropion which are painful conditions where the eyelids turn inwards or outwards, this happens as a result of excessive skin around the eyes.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy which is a condition where the heart muscle becomes progressively weak and cannot beat properly.

Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing: 
- Hip dysplasia screening scheme 
- DNA test for cystinuria which tests whether or not a dog has the potential to be affected by this condition,.
- Elbow dysplasia screening scheme 


Newfoundlands have the most delightful temperaments being gentle, docile, patient, friendly and devoted. They love everyone and so make wonderful family dogs - although they can easily over-heat in a centrally heated home and they do drool. 

Vet Rating

History and Origins

Ideal Owner

Exercise Needs

Space Requirements

Nutrition and Feeding

Grooming Newfoundlands

Training Newfoundlands

Best Family Dog Breeds

Did you know?

The reputation of the Newfoundland as being the perfect dog with children was immortalised by J M Barrie in his book Peter Pan where the childrens’ nanny was a Newfoundland called Nana. 

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