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The Cavapoo is another of the many smaller designer crossbreeds growing in popularity in the UK.  

The breeds that make up the Cavapoo are the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel and either the Toy or Miniature Poodle.    

The Cavapoo may be a first cross from a Cavalier and a Poodle, a cross of two Cavapoos, Cavapoo/Cavapoo or a Cavapoo back to either a Cavalier or a Poodle.  

As such, there will be a variety of shapes, sizes, coat types and temperaments within the cross. In all cases however this will be a small companion type dog with a medium length coat. 

10 – 15 years
4 – 10 kg
23 – 33 cm
The Cavapoo colours are black, red, gold, cream, tan, chocolate, with or without White markings. Tricolour, Part-colour, Black and Tan
Small - Medium
The need-to-know
  • Dog suitable for non-experienced owners
  • Basic training required
  • Need to be aware of potential health issues
  • Enjoys active walks
  • Enjoys one to two hours of walking a day
  • Small dog
  • Some drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Chatty and vocal dog
  • Barks and alerts to visitors/anything unusual
  • Generally friendly with other dogs
  • Gets along with other pets with training
  • Great family dog
  • Needs a large garden
  • Can live in semi-rural areas
  • Can be left occasionally with training
This breed may encounter health problems

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is prone to several congenital health issues – and these can be inherited by the Cavapoo. 

  • The Kennel Club assured breeders of Cavalier King Charles Spaniels must use certain tests for their breeding stock: 
  • The KC’s heart scheme supported by the Veterinary Cardiovascular Society to assess for mitral valve disease and other significant heart diseases. 
  • Eye screening scheme (BVA/KC/ISDS)  
  • DNA test – EF   
  • DNA test CC/DE  

In addition, they are prone to patella luxation, hip dysplasia, middle ear infections and a neurological condition called syringomyelia. 

Anyone using the Cavalier to produce designer crossbreeds should be breeding for health and not for profit. 

Toy and Miniature Poodles are also prone to certain health issues that may be passed onto a Cavapoo. 

The major health risk is an eye condition called progressive rod-cone degeneration (an inherited form of progressive retinal atrophy. There is a DNA test available for breeders. 

To get more information of the potential health problems of both breeds, visit the Kennel Club website and the breed club sites.

Cavapoo Appearance 

The Cavapoo can combine any of the features of either parent breed, so whilst they will be small, they may be fluffy, woolly or silky coated, they may have a coat with a wave to it or could have thick heavy curls. Coats can come in a wide variety of colours, including white, cream, shades of gold, red or tan, black, and chocolate, with or without white markings. They can also come in tri-colour or parti-colour. Cavapoos may also inherit colour fading genes from their Poodle ancestors, where colours fade over time. 
Height and build will vary depending on their exact breeding, with dogs who contain more toy poodle than Cavalier being smaller and daintier, and those bred with Miniature Poodles or more Cavalier influence being stockier and taller. 

You can reliably expect a small, enchanting little dog with dark eyes and drop ears, and a coat that requires regular grooming – and that may require professional help to prevent serious matting. 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels  

Height – Cavaliers are categorised by weight rather than height, however are generally around 30-33cm tall 

Weight – 5.4-8.2kgs 

Colours – Black and Tan, Ruby, Blenheim, Tricolour 

Miniature Poodle 

Height – Poodles have a maximum height limit for each type. Miniatures are less than 30cm tall 

Weight – 5-9kg 

Colour – All possible solid colours. Black and Tan, Phantom (dilute black and tan), and Parti-colours are present but not acceptable in the show ring. 

Toy Poodle   

Height – Toy poodles less than 20cm tall 

Weight – 3-5kg 

Colour – As above.

Cavapoo Personality 

Cavapoos are affectionate and intelligent, energetic and full of fun, but don’t make the mistake of assuming the cute appearance and small size means easy to train or not needing a lot of exercise! The Poodle influence is strong, and they’re not known as ‘canine geniuses’ for nothing – be prepared to train often and exercise well, on a daily basis. As all three breeds potentially used in creating the Cavapoo have their origins as both companion dogs and gundogs, albeit a long way back, it should come as no surprise that they really need their person around most of the time, and really adore working with their family. These are not dogs who do well left out of things or left alone. Typically friendly and affectionate to all, they are also amiable and easy going with other dogs and other animals. 

Vet Rating

History and Origins

Ideal Owner

Exercise Needs

Space Requirements

Nutrition and Feeding

Grooming Cavapoos

Training Cavapoos

Are Cavapoos Good Family Dogs?

Cavapoo Fun Facts 

  • While they’re commonly known as Cavapoos, the breed also goes by other nicknames like Cavoodles, Cadoodles, or Cavadoodles. 
  • Cavapoos can have three different coat types: low-shedding ones that are wiry and tough, loose and wavy ones resembling a fleece, or a tightly curled coat that looks more like wool. 
  • Although they love playing and going for walks outside, Cavapoos are not really outdoor dogs. Given their tiny size and their temperament, they don’t fare well in extreme temperatures. 
  • Two Cavapoo dogs are internet famous. With over 51 thousand followers on Instagram, Enzo and Rumi are two adorable Cavapoos that love cuddles and matching outfits. 


How big do Cavapoo dogs get? 

Cavapoo sizes can range from 23 to 40 cm, depending on their parents. By the time they reach their full-grown size at about 12 months, they should not measure more than 40 cm. 

Are Cavapoo dogs intelligent? 

Yes, having inherited the brains of Poodles, Cavapoo dogs can be highly intelligent which makes them easier to train, even to the point where they can participate in competitions. 

Do Cavapoo dogs bark a lot? 

The average Cavapoo can be somewhat vocal but with a bit of training, they can easily be taught to regulate their barking. 

Can Cavapoos be left alone? 

It’s not recommended to leave Cavapoos alone for more than a few hours a day because they are very social dogs and can develop separation anxiety when they go for long periods of time without human interaction. 

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