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Your Pet, Our Passion.

King Charles Spaniel

A small spaniel with a short, but definite muzzle, large brown eyes and silky fur, the Cavalier King Charles is a wonderful companion dog. They love people and a good cuddle. So, if you are after an agile, friendly canine that can’t wait to spend all day, every day, with their human family, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dog breed might be the one for you. 

The need-to-know
  • Dog suitable for non-experienced owners
  • Basic training required
  • Need to be aware of potential health issues
  • Enjoys gentle walks
  • Needs under an hour of walking a day
  • Small dog
  • Some drool
  • Requires grooming every other day
  • Quiet dog
  • Welcomes everyone happily
  • Generally friendly with other dogs
  • Gets along with other pets with training
  • Great family dog
  • Needs a small garden
  • Can happily live in the city
  • Can be left occasionally with training
This breed may encounter health problems

King Charles Spaniels can be prone to:
- Patellar luxation
- Syringomyelia which is a condition where fluid-filled areas develop around the spinal cord causing pain. 
- Mitral Valve Disease which is where the heart valves become diseased and don't work properly.

Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing: 
None but there are several recommended schemes that the Kennel Club recommends which can be found here.

Key Facts

Lifespan: 9 - 15 years
Weight:  5.9 - 8.2 kg
Height:  30  -33 cm
Colours:  Colours are black and tan, ruby, red and white (Blenheim) and tricolour (chestnut markings on a pearl white background). 
Size:  Small
UK Kennel Club Groups: Toy


Family-friendly: 5/5
Exercise needs: 4/5
Easy to train: 4/5
Tolerates being alone: 1/5
Likes other pets: 5/5
Energy level: 3/5
Grooming needs: 3/5
Shedding: 3/5
King Charles Spaniel is standing on the grass and the wind is blowing a fur


The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is easy to train, easy to live with and is intelligent enough to excel in obedience, mini agility or any of the canine sports that his owners may wish to try their hand at. This is a breed who should also be happy to live with cats and any other pets. The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is however a gentle dog and may not be happy in a boisterous noisy family. 

King Charles Spaniel is playing in the garden

History and Origins

Country of Origin - England 

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs are a fairly recent breed and are the latest of the English Toy Spaniels developed in the 1920s in an attempt to recreate the famous dogs of King Charles. The name Cavalier was added to distinguish them from the older King Charles Spaniel

Up until the 19th century, the King Charles Spaniel had a pointed muzzle, but in the Victorian era it became fashionable to breed dogs with shorter faces. Before long, the King Charles became a flat-faced breed (as it still is today). 

In 1926 however, an American called Roswell Eldridge visited England and was upset not to be able to see the dogs he had admired in art. For five years running he offered prizes at Crufts for the best ‘long faced King Charles Spaniel’. This started a movement which led to the formation of the Cavalier King Charles Club in 1928, although it took until 1945 for the two breeds to be separately recognised. As the years passed, this new breed became by far the most popular and became one of the UKs best loved breeds. 

Did you know?

Did you know?

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has had many celebrity owners - and one even lived in the White House. Rex belonged to Ronald and Nancy Reagan so was probably officially the First Dog!