The Pekingese breed is classed as brachycephalic; problems associated with this condition include:
- Brachycephalic obstructive airway syndrome: a condition in brachycephalic breeds (those with a short nose and squashed face) where breathing is obstructed and can lead to reduced ability to exercise, or even severe respiratory distress.
- Skin inflammation/infection: brachycephalic breeds have a short nose and a normal amount of facial tissue. This means there is often excess skin around their face which leads to skin folds. The skin inside these folds can become sore and infections are prone to develop.
- Eye ulcers: ulcers are painful erosions on the surface of the eye. They are more common in brachycephalic breeds due to their conformation, as their eyes tend to be more bulbous.
The breed can also suffer from:
- Patellar luxation
- Entropion¹ which is a painful eye condition where the eyelids roll inwards
- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (dry eye) which is a painful condition where the tear gland stops working properly
- Distichiasis² which is an often painful condition where small eyelashes grow from the inside of the eyelid, rubbing on the surface of the eye.
Priority Kennel Club health schemes and testing:
None, but there are several recommended schemes which can be found here.
¹K. Kim et al, 'Combination of Stades Forced Granulation Method and Hotz-Celsus Procedure for Treatment of Upper and Lower Eyelid Entropion-Trichiasis in Three Dogs', 2021, Journal of Veterinary Clinics
²L. Shelby et al, 'Successful treatment of distichiasis in a cat usingtransconjunctival electrocautery', 2011, Veterinary Ophthalmology