A B C D F G H I L M N O P R S T

A

Amino acids
Building blocks of proteins. There are 22 amino acids. Animals can make non-essential amino acids themselves. Essential amino acids must be supplied in the diet. Cats have 12 essential amino acids while dogs only have 11.
Antioxidant​
A molecule that prevents harmful oxidation that can lead to inflammation in animals. They are key ingredients in many PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets that support strong immune defences. Vitamin E is a powerful antioxidant.
Athletic dog​
Large breed can be split into two categories, athletic and robust. The athletic dogs use more energy in their daily activities, even when they aren't exercising, and therefore need a higher calorie intake. Athletic breeds have a ‘cone-shaped’ body with long & powerful limbs and a lean, muscular body. It is typical for them to have a thin abdomen and a deep chest. Examples of athletic dog breeds are Greyhounds, Labrador Retrievers and Dalmatians​

B

Bioavailability​
In pet food, bioavailability means the proportion of the absorbed nutrients that are available for use by the body.

C

Calories​
​Unit of energy. Ingested in animals through food and drink. Used in activities and body functions. Bodies store the excess as body fat.​
Carbohydrates​
​A large group of foods which includes sugars, starch, and cellulose. Carbohydrates contain hydrogen and oxygen in the same ratio as water (2:1) and can typically be broken down to release energy in the body.​
Chicory​
​Natural prebiotic that stimulates the growth of helpful bacteria in the intestine. Supports healthy digestion and helps control hairball formation.
Complete food
A complete food contains all the ingredients and nutrients needed to maintain your pet's health — and to give them the right amount of energy. Complete foods are designed to be a single source of nutrition for your pet, without the need for supplements.
condition 
State of pet health or a series of symptoms that comprise a diagnosis. i.e. stiff joints in ageing pets suggest a condition of arthritis
Crude ash
A measurement of mineral nutrition in pet food listed on the pack information panel. Crude ash is residual when a sample of the food is burnt. This is the mineral content of the diet.
Crude fibres
A measurement of indigestible fiber in pet diets. Established in a laboratory, it indicates amount of fiber that supports digestive health but has little nutritional value.

D

Derivatives
Animal based raw materials (such as chicken, beef, lamb) are generally good sources of protein, essential fatty acids, iron and some B group vitamins. ‘Meat and animal derivatives’ is a legal term used for pet food labelling and refers to all animal based ingredients. By law, these ingredients must come from animals which have been inspected under veterinary supervision and passed as fit for human consumption, but they are often surplus to the requirements of the human food industry.

F

fat 
A macronutrient found within the food, which is particularly important to provide energy. Fat is more energy-dense than carbohydrates or proteins. It also provides insulation to the pet and has a number of other important functions.
fibre
Ingredient essential for healthy digestion and gut. Fibre reduces hairball formation in cats. It is a key ingredient in many PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets for dogs and cats.

G

gastrointestinal
Refers to animal stomach and gut. Healthy diets are essential for healthy digestion.
Gestating 
State of animal pregnancy. In cats the gestation period lasts roughly 60-70 days, for dogs it is between 63-67 days.
Glucose 
Simple sugar that circulates in the blood of animals. Essential for energy.
gluten 
A protein found within cereals.
Glycerides
Glycerides are compounds formed between one or more fatty acids and glycerol. Glycerides are found in plant oils and animal fats.

H

Hairball 
Ball of hair that collects in the stomachs of cats when they lick their coats. Can potentially lead to blockage of digestive tract unless controlled.
Hepatic 
Referring to the liver
Hydrolysed
Where molecules have been broken down, so that they are so small they cannot (or very rarely) cause an allergic reaction.
Hypoallergenic 
Hypoallergenic pet food excludes common allergens and therefore minimises the risk of an allergic reaction in cats and dogs.

I

Immune system
A network of organs with cells that recognize foreign substances in a pet’s body and stops them doing harm. Healthy immune systems protect against pathogens, viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites.
Insulin 
Hormone that regulates absorption of carbohydrates, fats and protein around the body. Essential for glucose supply that gives pets energy.
Intestinal flora
Healthy organisms in the animal gut consisting of bacteria, fungi and yeast. Intestinal flora supports healthy digestion, immunity and the synthesis of vitamins and minerals.

L

Lactating 
Secretion of milk from the mother’s mammary glands to feed her puppies or kittens in the first few weeks of life’
Large / XL dog
Weighs more than 25kg in adult age
Longevis 
A PURINA® PRO PLAN® nutrient blend proven to extend healthy lifespan of 7+ cats one year on average. Contains high levels of vitamins to support immune, renal and digestive systems with balanced minerals for a healthy urinary system.

M

Medium dog
Weighs 10kg to 25kg in adult age
Metabolism 
The chemical processes in the body that enable food to be used for energy and growth.
microflora 
A system of gut bacteria that support healthy digestion when in balance. PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets have several formulations that help with microflora.

N

Neutered 
Neutering is the removal of reproductive organs in male and female cats. Neutered cats are sometimes susceptible to certain conditions, such as weight gain. Consult your vet regarding appropriate diets.
Nutrisavour 
A PURINA® PRO PLAN® combination of exceptional nutrition and tasty ingredients that your cat will love.

O

Obesity
Excess of body fat that can damage pet health, welfare and quality of life. Obesity can lead to a range of health issues from diabetes to heart problems. Check with your vet for obesity guidelines.
OPTINUTRITION
For every dog and cat, from every breed and every age, there’s a PURINA® PRO PLAN® diet specially formulated with OPTINUTRITION®: the extra nutrition for targeted health benefits. Each diet in the range is boosted with specially chosen nutrients that deliver targeted health benefits at every life stage
Overweight
It's important to know what a healthy weight is for your pet depending on their specific needs. Overweight pets are vulnerable to health issues such as diabetes or heart problems. Check with your vet for the ideal weight range for your dog or cat. For a rough indicator of a healthy weight you should be able to see the shape of their waist when looked at from above in both cats and dogs.
Oxalate
A constituent of urinary stones and crystals in Calcium Oxalate that make cat urination painful. PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets feature special formulations that make it difficult for Calcium Oxalate and Struvite stones or crystals to form.

P

Parasites 
Microorganisms that live internally and externally on pets. Parasites can cause conditions from diarrhea to irritable skin.
Prebiotic 
Food ingredients that stimulate the growth of healthy microorganisms especially in the gut. Some occur naturally. Other essentials are digested through PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets.
Probiotics
Probiotics are live microorganisms which, when consumed, improve and/or restore the gut microflora and help to improve digestive health. Supplementing diets with added probiotics helps ensure a balance of healthy microorganisms in the animal gut.
protein 
A macronutrient found within the food, composed of amino acids. Protein is the building block for body tissues including muscle, hair and coat, and also important for immune system support.

R

Robust dog
​Large breed can be split into two categories, athletic and robust. Robust breeds have a ‘cylinder-shaped’ body with a large body shape, powerful frame and abdominal fat deposits. Large breed robust dogs tend to have more body fat, benefiting from a reduced calorie intake to avoid weight gain

S

Small/mini dog
Weighs less than 10kg in adult age
Sterilised 
Process carried out on cats to control reproduction. Sterilised cats will have particular dietary requirements.

T

Tartar 
Invisible or pale and soft layer which coats animal teeth, particularly after meals. Can be removed with brushing of teeth and prevented with specially formulated PURINA® PRO PLAN® diets.
Triglycerides 
A triglyceride is a compound formed from glycerol and three fatty acids. They are the main constituents of body fat in cats and dogs.